Easy method to write Literature Review in Research paper

By Swati Bansal


The benefits of writing a Literature Review are known by the researchers. But the problem arises when writing of Literature Review becomes tiring and boring. At the end of this blog, the researchers will get an idea about how to write a Literature Review in a systematic and effective way. For achieving this, the researchers must follow below steps:

  1. Collect most relevant papers: Researchers go through many research articles and papers while conducting a literature survey. But they often end up in confusion about the selection of relevant papers out of a bunch of published material in form of research articles. For that, the researcher should choose the research paper which is mostly related to his/her topic. Some research articles do not have adequate and sufficient information about the topic which is not significant to the research topic. Such papers can be left aside for the last. Some research papers include significant work according to the research topic which should be given priority while reading.
  1. Make a table: This can be called a Literature Review table or overview of the literature review of the research topic. It should contain following seven rows as suggested and the number of columns depends upon the number of research papers. The rows of the literature review can be explained as follows:
  1. The first row signifies the serial number of the paper. 
  2. The second row signifies the title of the paper
  3. The third row signifies the authors of the research paper
  4. The fourth row signifies the year of publication of the research paper
  5. The fifth row signifies the methods or algorithms used to achieve the results of the particular research paper. It can also be termed as Design of Experiment. 
  6. The sixth row signifies the technique used for the validation of the results of that particular research paper. Validation refers to the most accurate method or technique used commercially to get the desired results related to the experiments done in the research paper. 
  7. The seventh row signifies the limitations of the work done in that particular research paper. By this, the researcher can identify the research gaps. This will help the researcher to set his/her objectives.
  8. Writing Literature Review: there are mainly three to four paragraphs in which the researcher should explain his complete literature review. This is the summary of the table drawn in Step 2. The paragraphs can be explained as follows:
  1. First paragraph: iI contains the background, significance, and importance of the research topic. A summary of the research topic related to relevance and importance should be included in this paragraph.
  2. Second paragraph: different techniques and methods used by other researchers should be included in this paragraph. It should not be more than two lines for each method.
  3. Third and Fourth paragraph: The researcher needs to explain all the techniques and studies related to his/her research topic which is also known as Design of Experiment.

If a researcher is able to summarize each research paper in few lines, then it can be treated as a proper , effective and adequate literature review.

For more details, click the link below:


Swati is a Content Writer at Researchers’s Quest, a blog by Learning with Chandan 

Published by Researchers Quest

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